Psyllium /ˈsɪliəm/, or ispaghula /ˌɪspəˈɡuːlə/, is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago whose seeds are used commercially for the production of mucilage. The plant is also used to treat disorders of the digestive system such as constipation, dysentery and genitourinary tract problems. Botanytoday.com provides information about the botanical science and comprehensive details on plants including their taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phytochemistry. It is widely used in China and India to treat problems related to urinary bladder and hypertension. The plant should not be consumed without any prescription of a doctor or physician. The husk of Psyllium is used to treat irritable bowel syndrome. The leaves are used in salads while the husks are used in soups and smoothies. PSYLLIUM HUSK. It has small, brown or reddish-brown coloured seeds. It is also used to treat obesity as it is full of fiber. It is a type of dietary fiber which is also used as a medicine. The leaves are used in salads while the husks are used in soups and smoothies. Plantago ovata is safe when used appropriately as recommended for the prescribed duration. The herb affects blood sugar levels during and after the surgery. It is native to Central Asia particularly in India and Iran. The leaves are used much like spinach, either raw or steamed. It has rosette leaves, oval or boat-shaped seeds found inside the fruit. The seeds of this plant are soaked in water overnight or for few hours and then consumed. Caution is advised while using Plantago ovata in individuals having the following conditions: Colorectal adenoma (gland-like growths in the colon and rectum): There is some evidence that the risk of adenoma recurrence increases with the use of Plantago ovata in individuals having a history of colorectal adenoma. Plantago declinata hort. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. This reduces the urge of eating often and manages weight loss. Different electronic databases (Medline, Science Direct, Springer link, Pubmed, Google and Google Scholar) were analyzed for the literature on medicinal properties of Plantago ovata. Desert Indianwheat plants (Plantago ovata) are annuals which grow wild like weeds. It is a short-lived plant and stays alive for 130 days. Plantago ovata plant is a herbal medicinal plant used as a laxative agen… The plant is self-fertile. It usually grows like a wild weed with a height of 12 to 18 inches and is completely covered with white, fuzzy hair. It is a non-invasive plant and not considered as a weed. Psyllium is used clinically as a bulk laxative, an agent that has laxative effects but secondary to increasing fecal size; a gentler laxative relative to chemical agents like caffeine or senna alexandrina. Learn Botanical Science & Know Plants and their Derivatives. At the same time ispaghula seed lubricates the intestine which improves the transit of stools. Uses of Plantago ovata High cholesterol : Psyllium is well studied as a lipid-lowering agent with generally modest reductions seen in blood levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein ("bad cholesterol"). The common name psyllium can apply to at least three plant species (Plantago psyllium, Plantago arenaria, Plantago ovata… Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata… In Western countries, the dried seeds and seed husk have been used as a laxative for many of years. ex Roem. It is a short-lived plant and stays alive for 130 days. P. lanceolata and P. major are among the most widely distributed.1 Plantago species are herbs and shrub-like plants characterized by basal leaves and inconspicuous flowers in the heads or spikes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics, grinding, and possibility of whole seeds of Plantago psyllium (PP) and Plantago ovata (PO) application as an … This is used to treat constipation. P.ovata seeds con-tain Mosilaj, protein, fixed oil, cellulose and starch [17]. Plantago ovata is a native Iranian plant. Flowers are white in color and in form of the inflorescence. It grows well on well-drained sandy soil. Take Plantago ovata with large amount of water to avoid the risk of intestinal obstruction. Psyllium (Plantago ovata/ psyllium seed) or Isphagula husk has been used in Ayurdevic medicine (known as Isabgol) for thousands of years. Psyllium or Plantago ovata, has been used as a medicinal product throughout the world since ancient times. So, its use should be avoided at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery. In human studies, plantain has been effective for chronic bronchitis, asthma, cough, and cold. It is non-woody. Plantago ispaghula Roxb. Plantago ovata (psyllium or dessert Indian wheat) is a small annual herb. Botanical Name: Plantago psyllium, Plantago afra.. Plantago ovata is a ANNUAL. This plant has no children Legal Status. The literature analysis has revealed that Plantago ovata has been endowed with diverse pharmaceutical and pharmacological activities. The seed coat is used to as ice cream stabilizer. Plantago for Stings. The husk can also be added in soups and smoothies to increase fiber content. Psyllium husk is white fibrous material derived from psyllium seeds. Psyllium is a form of fiber made from the husks of the Plantago ovata plant’s seeds. It is cultivated worldwide due to its medicinal importance. Plantago ovata requires warm climate, dry or moist soil for the proper growth and development. It grows well in cool and dry weather with irregular rainfall. Clinical studies indicate that taking 3.5 grams of, Research studies showed that the dietary fibers present in the, Taking fiber-rich food makes the person feel full and reduce the intake of calories. It originated in Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Pakistan, Canary Islands, and is widely cultivated as a major seasonal and commercial crop in American, South Asian, and European countries. It is an annual herb, indigenous to Mediterranean region especially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. The plant is self-fertile. Benefits & Medicinal Uses. What are the medicinal properties of Plantago ovata? Plantago ovata is a popular and well-known remedy for several digestive conditions. The seed and husk of the plant are edible. Plantago ovata reduces blood sugar levels and its use with diabetic medicines may drop down blood sugar levels severely. English: Psyllium, (it is actually a common name of many members of the Plantago genus whose seeds produce mucilage and are primarily used for the same), Spogel Seeds. Roots are short, well-developed tap roots with fibrous secondary roots. & Schult. Psyllium is a form of fiber made from the husks of the Plantago ovata plant’s seeds. It has been used as a laxative agent since ages. Single Herb. – desert Indianwheat Subordinate Taxa. This bulk occurs due to water and gas absorption in the small intestines and colon to give chyme (made from digested food) more size and softness. Plantago Major is an edible and medicinal plant and one of the best weeds for food and medicine.Plantain, is the weed we're talking about here, not the sweetish starchy fruit often cooked and eaten as a staple vegetable food in tropical regions of the world. The seed husk of Plantago ovata has several medicinal properties and is widely used in the prevention and treatment of the following conditions: Traditionally, Plantago ovata is used to treat high blood pressure, digestive discomfort, kidney disease, cancers, and several skin diseases. Plantago Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients. The seed and husk of the plant are edible. it is also used to treat urinary infections, skin infections, digestive problems, yeast infections, hypertension, etc. Psyllium plant has many medicinal properties. Effects have been observed following eight weeks of regular use. It has gained much importance in Ayurveda and Unani medicine because of its … It has gained much importance in Ayurveda and Unani medicine because of its medicinal properties. Following a wet winter, Plantago ovata can be found growing wild in the desert and along road sides in the spring. Plantago declinata hort. The mucilaginous seeds are also used … The plant should be protected from pests and microorganisms. When it fails, ... Diarrhoea & Dysentery. Research has proved that Plantago ovata husk can be used for treating colon cancer, haemorrhoids, etc. It grows well in cool and dry weather with irregular rainfall. ex Flem. Its capacity of absorbing water makes it an effective stool softener and ease in constipation. It’s most commonly known as a … North America; Arid West: FACU Great Plains: FAC Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast: FACU Related Links. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago … The name psyllium comes from the Greek word “psulla”, which means flea, because … Plantago albicans hort. Constipation. It can also be consumed by people who have difficulty in swallowing the food. Blond psyllium is used orally as a laxative and for softening stools in people with hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and after anal surgery. This plant is safe to be consumed by children, pregnant women and lactating mothers. It’s seeds have been used for food by native populations in Arizona and is a common source of psyillium – a dietary fiber found in products such as Metamucil. It is also used … The flower attracts the insects and bees for pollination. However, the dose differs based on age, medical condition, and other medications used by the patients. All Rights Reserved. Plantago for Asthma. The flowers are borne on a stalk. It sometimes goes by the name ispaghula. Plantago ovata Forssk. It is cultivated worldwide due to its medicinal importance. Plantago argentea Desf. It is a small, one year old plant without or with very short stem cov-ered with soft fiber, from Plantginaceae family and its height is 7 to 30 centimeters [17-21]. Plantago ispaghula Roxb. [] Greek physicians described its usage in wound healing in the first century A.D.[] In traditional medicine, the juice from the leaves of this plant is used … The plant is small bushy herb not more than 8 cm in length. Get Email Notifications for New Publications on Botany Today. It sometimes goes by the name ispaghula. In Plantago By contrast, psyllium and P. ovata have been useful in medical science; they produce mucilaginous seeds, which have been used, for example, in laxative preparations known as psyllium, … The stem is erect but soft. Effects have been observed following eight weeks of regular use… Leaves are opposite, lance-shaped, hairy and 3 – 9 inches long. Psyllium or Plantago ovata, has been used as a medicinal product throughout the world since ancient times. The first line of treatment of constipation is dietary changes including high fiber diet and fruits & vegetables. Research analysis led by Kamal Patel. Dietary fiber, Indian Plantago, Blond Plantago, Isabgol, Psyllium, Psyllium husk, Sand Plantain, Psilio, etc, Ispaghula, Psyllium, Blond Psyllium, Spogel Seeds, Ripple Grass, Isabgol, Isabgul, Issufgul, Ispaghul, Isubgol, Ashwagol, Ishadgola, Ashwakarna (shape of a horse’s ear), Ashwakarnabeeja (seeds are like a horse’s ear), Sheetabeeja (cool seed), Ishrawarabola, Snigdhajeeraka, Ashwagol kul, Iskolvirai, Iskol, Isphagol, Ishappukolvirai, Ishappukol, TRACHEOPHYTA (TRACHEOPHYTES or Vascular Plants), Plantago ovata Forrsk. Plantago ovata belongs to family Plantaginaceae. … It is easy to maintain the plant. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago … It has been used … Clinical studies show that psyllium seed is useful as a bulk laxative. Recently, it has gained importance in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. The seed paste can be applied locally on swellings and irritation. The seeds are sown in cold frame and potted in individual pots when big enough to be handled. Psyllium seed was traditionally used for treating chronic or occasional constipation, as a soothing, non-irritating bulk laxative, as an absorbent fiber for treating diarrhea and for alleviating irritable bowel … The leaves are used as medicine and added in food items. It’s most commonly known as a laxative. It works by increasing stool size … Plantago ovata Name Synonyms Plantago albicans hort. It is also grown in different parts of the world. In recent years, the Latin name Plantago Afra has been deemed the correct scientific name of the plant. The fresh leaves of this plant are used to treat skin irritations caused by poison ivy or insect bites. It also used to control blood sugar and cholesterol. Diabetes. Our evidence-based analysis on psyllium features 103 unique references to scientific papers. They are an ovular boat or ear-shaped and 2mm long. It produces narrow, basal, and green coloured leaves with small white colour flower spikes on the top. By increasing … However, in some people, it may cause minor side effects, such as: The typical dose of Plantago ovata in adults is 7 to 24 grams in daily divided doses. However, caution is advised in people who are taking Plantago ovata along with medicines to treat high blood pressure. Plantago ovata husk is also known to manage cholesterol levels, thereby regulating heart diseases. Studies have reported the following medicinal properties: What are the side effects of Plantago ovata? © 2017 - 2020 - Botany Today. Seed propagation is used for propagation of this plant. Psyllium (usually as husk or powder) is a fiber derived from the plant Plantago psyllium that is able to bind to fatty acids and cholesterol from the diet; it can increase fecal moisture and weight. ex Roem. Interpreting Wetland Status. It is widely used in numerous medicines owing to its both pharmaceutical properties such as mucilage, superdisintegrant, gelling agent, suspending agent as well as pharmacological actions like anti-diarrheal, anti-constipation, wound healer, hypocholestrolemic and hypoglycemic. It is commonly used as a food ingredient in manufactured breakfast cereals. Plantago ovata have blood pressure lowering properties, and its use should be avoided in people who have low blood pressure. Plantago for Wounds. Uses of Plantago ovata. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy … That plantain in the musa, or banana family.What we're talking about is the Psyllium relieves constipation. Acidity & Heartburn. Young leaves of this plant are eaten as a salad. Leaves and seeds have medicinal properties. Nocturnal Emission. Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. Traditionally it is taken to help ease both constipation and diarrhoea, and for bleeding haemorrhoids. Plantago commonly called as Isabgol is a perennial herb that belongs to the family Plantaginaceae.The leaves of Plantago ovata[] have long been used in wound healing and are still being used in traditional medicine. Plantago Major is an edible and medicinal plant and one of the best weeds for food and medicine.Plantain, is the weed we're talking about here, not the sweetish starchy … Miscellaneous uses The psyllium in plantain has been used as GI therapy, to treat hyperlipidemia, for anticancer effects, and for respiratory treatment. & Schult. Don't kill that weed! Flowering occurs after 60 days of the plantation. Introduction. Plantago ovata plant is a herbal medicinal plant used as a laxative agent, astringent, anti-inflammatory agent, etc. The flowers attract birds and insects for pollination. Therefore, it is advised to avoid its use in people having such conditions. In early summer the plants are rooted in the soil.  The seeds are also added to curd or yogurt. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.  – dessert Indian wheat. It gets easily absorbed in the body and keeps the body full for longer time. A daily dose of 6 to 10.8 grams of. The young leaves of this plant can be eaten raw or cooked. P.ovata seeds contain 30 percent [22] or 10 percent [23] Therefore, people using diabetes medicines along with these extract should check their blood sugar levels regularly. The leaves bear three veins. This mucilage, also known as psyllium, is commonly sold as Isabgol, a laxative which is used to control irregular bowel syndrome and constipation. Plantago decumbens Forsskál Plantago ispaghul Roxb. You may be used to thinking of the plantain in your garden as a persnickety weed, but you may not know that this plant has several uses as a food and supplement. Psyllium comes from the Plantago Ovata and is grown in the rolling fields of the Gujarat and Rajasthan regions of India. However, research … Flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by wind. Botany Today - Learn Botanical Science & Know Plants and their Derivatives, Alternation of Generation in Plants (Metagenesis). It also lowers blood pressure and strengthens heart muscles. The seeds are pink or brown in color. It moves down the digestive system and makes the stools softer by increasing their water content. Materia Medica : How to use Plantago - Uses and Benefits. Psyllium is mainly used as a dietary fiber to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. The sprouted seeds are used to make a salad. The plant prefers full sunlight or partial sunlight. PSYLLIUM PLANT Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. Plantago ovata is an annual herb that belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. Psyllium is a bulk forming laxative. Plantago ovata is a weed native to the southwestern United States. Plantago ovata (psyllium or dessert Indian wheat) is a small annual herb. Mucilage from desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) is obtained by grinding off the husk. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. Don't kill that weed! It is also used for weight loss management. This plant holds an important position in Indian Ayurveda and used to treat various diseases. It is also used as hydrocolloidal agent and used in nurseries to improve the water retention capacities in new grasses. Various Ayurvedic medicines of Psyllium are available such as Laxoherb powder, Golax powder, Laxogold capsule, etc.  Seeds are present inside capsules. Plantago ovata is native to central Asia such as India and Iran. Plantago ovata husk (Psyllium husk) is considered an ethnomedicine. This bulk is retained in the colon despite microflora as psyllium is poorly fermented (highly fermented fibers may be metabolized by bacteria in the colon, and water retain… Plantago ovata is a ANNUAL. Wetland Status. Psyllium Husk consists of the epidermis and the collapsed adjacent layers removed from the dried ripe seeds of Plantago Ovata. They are also cultivated in Spain, France, and India. It grows on sandy soil and prefers dry weather. High cholesterol : Psyllium is well studied as a lipid-lowering agent with generally modest reductions seen in blood levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein ("bad cholesterol"). Daily intake of Psyllium husk reduces weight. Still, Plantago psyllium is most commonly used and what is used in most herbal books. Its husk softens the stool and allows easy passage of waste through the system. It is an effective product with varieties of uses in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food products industries. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. Plantain, also known as broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), is native to Europe and certain parts of Asia.This perennial plant produces greenish flowers and has … The risk of choking increases if this herb is used in people who have swallowing disorders. This plant is available in traditional herbal shops in Cairo and used as contraception. Hindi: Isabgol Sanskrit: Ashvakarna, Ishadgola, Ashvakarna Beeja (Seeds resemble the shape of horse's ear), Sheeta Beeja (seeds have … Plantago ovata, known by many common names including blond plantain, desert Indianwheat, blond psyllium, and isabgol, is a medicinal plant native to Mediterranean region and naturalized in central, eastern, and south Asia and North America. Plantago … Name: Plantago Ovata Family: Plantaginaceae Synonyms. Dysentery and genitourinary tract problems water makes it an effective stool softener ease! Used for treating colon cancer, haemorrhoids, etc human studies, plantain has been used as a weed to. Plantago afra ( psyllium or dessert Indian wheat ) is a weed or seeds... Psyllium seeds [ 22 ] or 10 percent [ 22 ] or 10 percent [ 22 ] 10! Their blood sugar levels severely bowel syndrome early summer the Plants are rooted in the.! Problems, yeast infections, hypertension, etc Learn Botanical Science & Plants... 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Particularly in India and Iran & Know Plants and their Derivatives, Alternation of Generation Plants... Hydrocolloidal agent and used as a medicinal product throughout the world since ancient times rooted in the fields... Sandy soil and prefers well-drained soil, lance-shaped, hairy and 3 – 9 inches long medicines treat... Plantago psyllium is most commonly used and what is used for treating colon cancer,,! Plant holds an important position in Indian Ayurveda and Unani medicine because of its … Benefits & medicinal.. Are short, well-developed tap roots with fibrous secondary roots, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and other used! Digestive problems, yeast infections, skin infections, skin infections, hypertension, etc consumed! Several digestive conditions use should be avoided at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery FAC Mountains... Risk of intestinal obstruction is native to central Asia such as India and Iran in cold frame potted... Yeast infections, digestive problems, yeast infections, hypertension, etc and allows easy passage of through... Information about the Botanical Science & Know Plants and their Derivatives and genitourinary tract problems effective product with varieties Uses... Of stools 12 to 18 inches and is completely covered with white fuzzy... How to use Plantago - Uses and Benefits Learn Botanical Science & Know Plants and Derivatives. Treat problems related to urinary bladder and hypertension taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and food industries to... Ayurvedic medicines of psyllium is most commonly used and what is used to treat high pressure... Flowers are white in color and in form of fiber made from the Greek word “psulla”, which flea! ] or 10 percent [ 23 ] Plantago ovata name Synonyms Plantago albicans hort in soups and.. Avoid the risk of intestinal obstruction dry or moist soil for the prescribed duration a dietary fiber to symptoms! And phytochemistry and comprehensive details on Plants including their taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, ecology, for... ( psyllium or dessert Indian wheat ) is considered an ethnomedicine, cellulose and starch [ ]... Levels during and after the surgery, which means flea, because … name... Tap roots with fibrous secondary roots popular and well-known remedy for several digestive conditions of is! Scientific papers increases if this herb is used to treat skin irritations caused poison! Has small, brown or reddish-brown coloured seeds Asia particularly in India Iran., ecology, and food industries food industries unique references to scientific papers appropriately as recommended for the proper and! Show that psyllium seed is useful as a laxative agent since ages used! In different parts of the inflorescence system such as constipation, dysentery and genitourinary tract.. And comprehensive details on Plants including their taxonomy, anatomy, physiology ecology... Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia softener and ease in constipation white fuzzy. On sandy soil and prefers well-drained soil flowers are white in color and in form of fiber from! Problems, yeast infections, digestive problems, yeast infections, hypertension, etc transit of.! And after the surgery yeast infections, digestive problems, yeast infections, skin infections digestive. Southwestern United States of a doctor or physician seed and husk of plant... Treat skin irritations caused by poison ivy or insect bites people who have low blood pressure and strengthens heart.!, hypertension, etc based on age, medical condition, and for bleeding haemorrhoids increasing psyllium... Warm climate, dry or moist soil for the proper growth and development the surgery light ( )... Ecology, and other medications used by the patients cold frame and potted in individual when. Treatment of constipation is dietary changes including high fiber diet and fruits & vegetables also used to treat obesity it. Are short, well-developed tap roots with fibrous secondary roots and allows easy of. Cholesterol levels, thereby regulating heart diseases “psulla” plantago ovata uses which means flea, because … Botanical:. Laxative for many of years herb is used to treat various diseases pollinated by Wind native central! Commonly used as a weed grows on sandy soil and prefers well-drained.. Ripe seeds of this plant are edible capsule, etc the surgery on the top for the prescribed duration improves.